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The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has assigned the codes for naming countries and their subdivisions. Various types of ISO Standards are available such as ISO 3166-1, ISO 3166-2, ISO 3166-3. ISO 3166-1 is divided into 3 sets of country codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha2, ISO 3166-2 alpha3, ISO 3166-3 numeric.

Unique ISO Codes are assigned to the Countries and according to the ISO 3166/MA Codes are assigned on the basis of the native names of the country such as old names of the countries. It is derived from Country Name and the keywords such as Federal, Kindom, Democractic, United or Republic are discard from the Country Codes as they use the native names of the countries. For Example:

United Kingdom uses the 2 digit Alpha Code "GB" rather than UK
Germany uses the 2 digit Alpha Code "DE" rather than GM
United Arab Emirates uses the 2 digit Alpha Code "AE" rather than UAE

ISO 3166-1 Codes for Afghanistan are:-

Country Name3 Digit Alpha Code2 Digit Alpha CodeNumeric Code
AfghanistanAFGAF004

ISO 3166-1 Sub Codes for regions of Afghanistan are:-

AF-BDS Badakhshān Badakhshan ولایت بدخشان
AF-BDG Bādghīs Badghis بادغیس
AF-BGL Baghlān Baghlan بغلان
AF-BAL Balkh Balkh بلخ
AF-BAM Bāmyān Bamyan بامیان
AF-DAY Dāykundī Daykundi دایکندی
AF-FRA Farāh Farah فراه
AF-FYB Fāryāb Faryab فاریاب
AF-GHA Ghaznī Ghazni غزنى
AF-GHO Ghōr Ghōr غور
AF-HEL Helmand Helmand هلمند
AF-HER Herāt Herat هرات
AF-JOW Jowzjān Jowzjan جوزجان
AF-KAB Kābul Kabul کابل
AF-KAN Kandahār Kandahar قندهار
AF-KAP Kāpīsā Kapisa کاپیسا
AF-KHO Khōst Khost خوست
AF-KNR Kunaṟ Kunar کنر
AF-KDZ Kunduz Kunduz کندز
AF-LAG Laghmān Laghman لغمان
AF-LOG Lōgar Logar لوگَر
AF-NAN Nangarhār Nangarhar ننگرهار
AF-NIM Nīmrōz Nimruz ولایت نیمروز
AF-NUR Nūristān Nuristan نورستان
AF-PKA Paktīkā Paktika پکتیکا
AF-PIA Paktiyā Paktia پکتیا
AF-PAN Panjshayr Panjshir پنجشیر
AF-PAR Parwān Parwan پروان
AF-SAM Samangān Samangan سمنگان
AF-SAR Sar-e Pul Sar-e Pol سرپل
AF-TAK Takhār Takhar تخار
AF-URU Uruzgān Urozgan اروزگان
AF-WAR Wardak Maidan Wardak ميدان وردگ
AF-ZAB Zābul Zabul زابل